A personal record list of African animals seen and photographed whilst on safari …..

Ref:
Date:
Location:
Photographer:
The following list divides the species I’ve both seen and photographed in Africa into seven simple sections :-
CARNIVORES, LARGER MAMMALS, GENERAL PLAINS GAME, HYRAXES (as they can’t be grouped elsewhere), PRIMATES and a small section at the end for a few REPTILES.

Each animal listing includes the species or subspecies name in bold type followed by the [scientific name]. All photographed subspecies are separated for ease of referral - the subspecies name (common variant and/or scientific) only being referenced when there is clear definition. Any necessary references to related species or subspecies that I have not photographed are shown in standard type. I’ve also listed for personal reference the countries and regions in which I’ve seen the species. There are also some explanatory notes for certain species, but most information is provided by way of an extended comment on the actual photograph. The thumbnails act as a link to the image that, where possible, gives a good view of the animal for identification purposes. Each of these photos includes a fair amount of additional information relating to where the species is found, notes regarding identification particularly for non-familiar species or similar subspecies and, if appropriate, the current conservation status. These notes are mainly to assist with the identification and correct naming of the different species I’ve seen rather than information regarding behaviour.

Whilst I’ve seen a good selection of animals within the various reserves and conservation areas we’ve visited, there are a few that I have still not seen or photographed. The most notable perhaps is the wild dog, albeit an increasingly rare sighting these days, with our best opportunities being in Selous or Ruaha in Tanzania, and possibly South Luangwa. I’ve also failed to see certain antelopes such as the roan and sable, and other primates apart from baboons and the vervet and mitis monkeys. And, of course, getting a better sighting and photograph opportunities of a serval. But, apart from those species, I really do think that, within reason, we’ve seen a fair bit. There are of course many ungulates that we haven’t seen like sitatunga, bongo, springbok, nyala, kob, lechwe, oryx and many more, but that’s simply because they inhabit different areas of Africa. It’s still possible that some of these species will find their way onto this list one day - I hope so, but in the meantime I’m more than satisfied with what we’ve currently seen and photographed in the East African countries we have visited.

(click the photo thumbnails for further information)
CARNIVORES

African Lion
     African Lion [Panthera leo
     > Tanzania (Ruaha, Selous & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)



African Leopard
     African Leopard [Panthera pardus
     > Tanzania (Ruaha, Selous & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Mara North Conservancy)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)



Cheetah
     Cheetah [Acinonyx jubatus]
     (see photo note regarding subspecies) 
     > Tanzania (Ruaha)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)



Serval
     Serval [Leptailurus serval]
     (see photo for disclosure note) 
     > Tanzania (Ruaha) - ‘record shots’ only
 



Caracal
     Caracal [Caracal caracal
     > Kenya (Masai Mara)
 
 



Common Genet
     Common Genet [Genetta genetta]
     (also known as the Small-spotted Genet) 
     > Kenya (Masai Mara) - seen at night, but not photographed
     > Zambia (South Luangwa) - at night



Spotted Hyaena
     Spotted Hyaena [Crocuta crocuta] - photo
     (sometimes called the Laughing Hyaena) 
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Selous)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)



Black-backed Jackal [Canis mesomelas]
There are two geographic variations of the Black-backed Jackal - the nominate subspecies [Canis mesomelas mesomelas] found in
southern Africa, and the subspecies that I’ve seen [Canis mesomelas schmidti] that ranges through most of East Africa.

Black-backed Jackal
     East African Black-backed Jackal [Canis mesomelas schmidti
     >Tanzania (Ruaha)
     >Kenya (Masai Mara)
 



Side-striped Jackal
     Side-striped Jackal [Canis adustus]
     > Kenya (Masai Mara)
 
 




Banded Mongoose
     Banded Mongoose [Mungos mungo
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)
 



Bushy-tailed Mongoose
     Bushy-tailed Mongoose [Bdeogale crassicauda
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)
 

 



LARGER MAMMALS

African Elephant
     African (Savanna) Elephant [Loxodonta africana]
     (sometimes called the Bush Elephant to avoid confusion with the Forest Elephant [Loxodonta cyclotis]). 
     > Tanzania (Ruaha, Selous & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)


Hippopotamus
     Hippopotamus [Hippopotamus amphibius
     > Tanzania (Ruaha, Selous & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara), but not photographed
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)




African Buffalo [Syncerus caffer]
There are four geographic variations or subspecies of the African Buffalo - Forest, Western, Central or Sudanic, and Cape.

Cape Buffalo
     Cape Buffalo [Syncerus caffer caffer]
     (also known as the Southern Savanna Buffalo - an African Buffalo subspecies) 
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)



Giraffe
Recent re-classification of the giraffe family determines that there are now four separate species - Northern [retaining the original scientific name Giraffa camelopardalis] with four subspecies, Southern [Giraffa giraffa] with two subspecies, Masai [Giraffa tippelskirchi] and Reticulated [Giraffa reticulata], whereas previously they were all regarded, together with the Thornicroft Giraffe, as subspecies of Giraffa camelopardalis. Officially categorised as an IUCN Red List ‘threatened species’ in 2016, status ‘vulnerable’

Masai Giraffe
     Masai Giraffe [Giraffa tippelskirchi, formerly Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Selous)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)
 


Thornicroft Giraffe
     Thornicroft Giraffe [Giraffa tippelskirchi, formerly Giraffa camelopardalis thornicrofti]
     (also known as the Rhodesian Giraffe, and now regarded as a conspecific ecotype of the Masai Giraffe) 
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)
 





GENERAL PLAINS GAME (in some sort of logical order, albeit not necessarily taxonomically)

Plains Zebra [Equus quagga, formerly Equus burchellii]
There are three different species of zebra - Plains [Equus quagga], Mountain [Equus zebra] and Grévy’s [Equus grevyi]
The Plains, or Common Zebra as it’s also known, has five primary subspecies - Burchell’s, Grant’s, Maneless, Chapman’s and Crawshay’s

Grant's Zebra
     Grant's Zebra [Equus quagga boehmi]
     (a defined subspecies of the Plains Zebra) 
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara)


Crawshay's Zebra
     Crawshay’s Zebra [Equus quagga crawshali]
     (a defined subspecies of the Plains Zebra) 
     > Tanzania (Selous)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)




Blue Wildebeest [Connochaetes taurinus]
There are two distinct species of wildebeest - the Blue Wildebeest or Brindled Gnu, and the Black Wildebeest or White-tailed Gnu [Connochaetes gnou]. The Blue Wildebeest has five subspecies - the nominate Brindled Gnu, Nyassa, Cookson’s, Eastern White-bearded and Western White-bearded

Nyassa Wildebeest
     Nyassa Wildebeest [Connochaetes taurinus johnstoni]
     (a defined subspecies of the common Blue Wildebeest) 
     > Tanzania (Selous)
 


Cookson's Wildebeest
     Cookson’s Wildebeest [Connochaetes taurinus cooksoni]
     (a defined subspecies of the common Blue Wildebeest) 
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)
 


Western White-bearded Wildebeest
     Western White-bearded Wildebeest [Connochaetes taurinus mearnsi]
     (a defined subspecies of the common Blue Wildebeest) 
     > Kenya (Masai Mara)
 




Hartebeest [Alcelaphus buselaphus]
Eight subspecies of Hartebeest are generally recognised - Bubal, Kanki, Lelwel, Korkay (Swayne’s), Tora, Kongoni (Coke’s), Nkonzi (Lichtenstein’s) and Khama (Red)

Coke's Hartebeest (Kongoni)
     Coke’s Hartebeest (Kongoni) [Alcelaphus buselaphus cokii]
     (one of the eight Hartebeest subspecies noted above) 
     > Kenya (Masai Mara)
 




Common Tsessebe (Topi) [Damaliscus lunatus]
Six subspecies are generally recognised - the nominate subspecies Tsessebe, Bangweulu Tsessebe, Korrigum, Tiang, Topi (Nyamera) and the coastal Topi.

Topi (Nyamera)
     Topi (Nyamera) [Damaliscus lunatus jimela]
     (one of the six Common Tsessebe subspecies noted above) 
     > Tanzania (Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)




Common Eland [Taurotragus oryx]
Although normally named simply as the Common Eland there are actually three distinct subspecies - Cape, Livingston’s and the
East African.

East African Eland
     East African Eland [Taurotagus oryx pattersoni
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Selous)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)
 




Greater Kudu
     Greater Kudu [Tragelaphus strepsiceros
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Selous)
 
 


Lesser Kudu
     Lesser Kudu [Tragelaphus imberbis
     > Tanzania (Ruaha)
 
 




Bushbuck
Traditionally regarded as a single species [Tragelaphus scriptus] with numerous subspecies, but recently argued that there are in fact two divergent lineages, one in the north and west, and another in the south and east, and that these represent two distinct species being called the Kéwel and Imbabala respectively. The Kéwel retains the original scientific name.

Bushbuck or Imbabala
     Bushbuck or Imbabala [Tragelaphus sylvaticus
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Katavi)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)
 




Waterbuck [Kobus ellipsiprymnus]
There are two subspecies of waterbuck - the nominate Common variety and the Defassa.

Common Waterbuck
     Common Waterbuck [Kobus ellipsiprymnus ellipsiprymnus
     > Tanzania (Selous)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa) 
 


Defassa Waterbuck
     Defassa Waterbuck [Kobus ellipsiprymnus defassa
     > Tanzania (Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)
 




Bohor Reedbuck [Redunca redunca]
The Bohor, or Common Reedbuck as it’s sometimes called, has four regional variations across its full range.

Bohor Reedbuck
     Bohor Reedbuck [Redunca redunca wardi
     > Tanzania (Katavi)
 
 




Impala
     Impala [Aepyceros melampus
     > Tanzania (Ruaha, Selous & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)




Thomson's Gazelle
     Thomson’s Gazelle [Eudorcas thomsonii
     > Kenya (Masai Mara)
 
 




Grant’s Gazelle [Nanger granti]
Dependant on what you read, the Grant’s Gazelle is either split into three species across its range - Grant’s [Nanger granti], Bright’s [Nanger notata] and Tana [Nanger petersi], or into five subspecies - Northern Grant’s, Southern Grant’s, Robert’s, Bright’s and Peter’s each with their own appropriate trinomial name. As far as I’m aware, the species, or to be more precise subspecies, that I’ve photographed is the Southern Grant’s defined by the shape of its horns.

Southern Grant's Gazelle
     Southern Grant’s Gazelle [Nanger granti granti
     > Tanzania (Ruaha)
 





Oribi [Ourebia ourebi]
Whilst there are a number of geographical variations of Oribi across the species’ full range, in Tanzania where I've seen it there are just two varieties - the black-tailed form [Ourebia ourebi hastata] found across the west and south, and the tan-brown tailed form [Ourebia ourebi cottoni] which you’d only see in the Serengeti.

Oribi
     Oribi [Ourebia ourebi hastata
     > Tanzania (Ruaha)
 
 




Puku
     Puku [Kobus vardonii
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)
 
 




Kirk’s Dik-dik [Madoqua kirkii]
There are four generally recognised forms of the Kirk’s Dik-dik - the nominate Kirk’s Dik-dik [ssp.kirki], the Cavendish’s or Naivasha Dik-dik [ssp.cavendishi], the Thomas’s or Ugogo Dik-dik [ssp.thomasi] and the Damara Dik-dik [ssp.damarensis]. They are currently listed as subspecies, but may soon be given universal recognition as being separate species in their own right.

Cavendish's or Naivasha Dik-dik
     Cavendish’s or Naivasha Dik-dik [Madoqua kirkii cavendishi
     > Kenya (Mara North Conservancy)
 
 


Thomas's or Ugogo Dik-dik
     Thomas’s or Ugogo Dik-dik [Madoqua kirkii thomasi
     > Tanzania (Ruaha)
 
 




Bush Duiker
     Bush Duiker [Sylvicapra grimmia]
     (also known as the Common Duiker or Grey Duiker) 
     > Kenya (Mara North Conservancy)
 




Common Warthog
     Common Warthog [Phacochoerus africanus
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Masai Mara)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)
 




HYRAX

Bush Hyrax or Yellow-spot Dassie
     Bush Hyrax [Heterohyrax brucei]
     (also known as the Yellow-spot Dassie or Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax) 
     > Tanzania (Ruaha)
     > Kenya (Mara North Conservancy)





PRIMATES

Baboons
There are five species of true baboon - Hamadryas or Sacred, Chacma, Olive, Yellow and Guinea, of which I've photographed three :

Olive Baboon
     Olive Baboon [Papio anubis
     > Kenya (Masai Mara & Mara North Conservancy)
 
 


Yellow Baboon
     Yellow Baboon [Papio cynocephalus
     > Tanzania (Ruaha & Selous)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)
 


Guinea Baboon
     Guinea Baboon [Papio papio]
     (this species is occasionally called the Western Baboon) 
     > The Gambia (Makasutu Forest)
 



Monkeys
There are over 60 Old World monkey species on the African mainland, of which I've photographed just two :

Vervet Monkey
     Vervet Monkey [Chlorocebus pygerythrus
     > Tanzania (Ruaha)
 



Mitis Monkey
     Mitis Monkey [Cercopithecus mitis]
     (also known as the Blue Monkey, Diademed Monkey or Gentle Monkey)
     > Tanzania (Selous)






REPTILES

Nile Crocodile
     Nile Crocodile [Crocodylus niloticus
     > Tanzania (Selous & Katavi)
     > Kenya (Mara River)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)



Nile Monitor Lizard
     Nile Monitor Lizard [Varanus niloticus
     > Tanzania (Ruaha, Selous & Katavi)
     > Zambia (South Luangwa)
     > The Gambia (Mandina Bolon)



Agama Lizard or Red-headed Agama
     Agama Lizard [Agama agama]
     (also known as the Common Agama or Red-headed Agama) 
     > Tanzania (Ruaha)
     > The Gambia (Makasutu Forest)



Blue-headed Tree Agama
     Blue-headed Tree Agama [Acanthocercus atricollis
     > Kenya (Mara North Conservancy)






Issue : 2 (updated Aug.17) - (originated March 17)