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Storks


ORDER : CICONIIFORMES

Family : Ciconiidae, with 19 species under 6 genera.

The Stork family Ciconiidae is now the only family in the order CICONIIFORMES, which previously included Herons - Ardeidae and Ibises and Spoonbills - Threskiornithidae, both of which have now been moved into their own separate designated orders.

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked birds with long heavy bills. Whilst normally regarded as water birds they generally favour drier habitats than their close relatives the Herons, Ibises and Spoonbills. They are effectively mute so are unable to call, which is why many use bill-clattering as a means of communication.

The Marabou Stork is large, attaining a weight up to 8kg and a wingspan in excess of 3m, which is the widest wingspan of all living land birds.

Of the 20 species only three (Maguari Stork, Jabiru and Wood Stork) are found in the New World.

The following is a complete systematic listing at genus level.

This list is for personal reference, which is why certain species (10no) are highlighted – these being the species that I have both seen and photographed.

  • Marabou Stork - Leptoptilos crumeniferus, sometimes just called the Marabou
  • Lesser Adjutant - Leptoptilos javanicus
  • Greater Adjutant - Leptoptilos dubious
  • Abdim’s Stork - Ciconia abdimii
  • Asian Woolly-necked Stork - Ciconia episcopus, also known as the Asian Woollyneck
  • African Woolly-necked Stork - Ciconia microscelis, also known as the African Woollyneck
  • Storm’s Stork - Ciconia stormi
  • Black Stork - Ciconia nigra
  • Maguari Stork - Ciconia maguari
  • White Stork - Ciconia ciconia
  • Oriental Stork - Ciconia boyciana
  • Jabiru - Jabiru mycteria
  • Black-necked Stork - Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
  • Saddle-billed Stork - Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis
  • Asian Open-billed Stork - Anastomus oscitans, sometimes just called the Asian Openbill
  • African Open-billed Stork - Anastomus lamelligerus, sometimes just called the African Openbill
  • Wood Stork - Mycteria americana
  • Yellow-billed Stork - Mycteria ibis
  • Milky Stork - Mycteria cinerea
  • Painted Stork - Mycteria leucocephala

Related information : 'understanding bird orders and families' and 'understanding taxonomy listings'


Issue : 3 (July 17) - (originated Nov.15)